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Traumatic brain injuries may lead to long-term neurological, psychiatric disorders

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According to the latest research held in Washington D.C. [USA], there is a high risk of neuropsychiatric disorders in children experience traumatic brain injuries. Researchers decided to represent this latest research at the 2018 American Academy of Pediatrics National Conference and Exhibition.

What are the effects of Traumatic brain injury?

As per the results are shown in Research, the Traumatic brain injury is one of the major factors leading to morbidity and mortality in children. First of all, according to the statistics, over the past decade rate of Traumatic brain injury is increased.

Also, the consequences of this Traumatic brain injury are not short term as well.  Yes, another fact is that the effects of the Traumatic Brain Injury last up to 05 Years or more. Furthermore, there is a high risk of developing headache, depression, and mental or intellectual disorders in children having Traumatic Brain Injury.

Finally, researchers compared patients diagnosed with traumatic brain injury with orthopedic injury patients

For the reason that in order to provide the research (‘Long-term Outcomes Following Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) in Children’) a conceptual format the researchers take diagnostic codes from medical records in the Military Health System Data Repository to analyze medical figures on children.

Likewise, after obtaining the data, while researchers start comparing patients diagnosed with traumatic brain injury with those patients suffering from the orthopedic injury. Factors of comparison in patients were age, gender, and injury severity score.

In the study researchers found that:

  • 55 percent had a mild injury severity score,
  • 41 percent had moderate injury severity score, and
  • and 4 percent had severe injury severity score.

Statistics of Children Having Traumatic Brain Injury

Among children having the traumatic brain injury, 39 percent of children developed neuropsychiatric symptoms including:

Headaches 15 Percent
Mental Disorder 15 Percent
Intellectual Disability 13 Percent
Depression/Anxiety 5 Percent
Seizure 4 Percent
Brain Damage 4 Percent.

Statistics of Children Having Orthopedic Injury:

While observing patients, Researchers found that neuropsychiatric symptoms were developed in 16% of children having Orthopedic Injury. The symptoms were:

Intellectual Disability  8 Percent
Mental Disorder  4 Percent
Depression/Anxiety  3 Percent
Headaches  2 Percent
Seizure  Less Than 1 Percent
Brain Damage  Less Than 1 Percent.

 

Lindsey Armstrong has given his statement regarding the Research:

Above all, while talking about the research, Lindsey Armstrong, MD MPH, and research fellow, Boston Children’s Hospital, Boston, Mass have given his statement that: “Seems like with the incidence of concussion and traumatic brain injury rising in this nation’s children, it is vital that we continue to evaluate mechanisms for prevention and treatment. These data provide evidence to support close monitoring of injured children, even years after the event.”

Consequences of Brain Injury and Orthopedic Injuries after 05 years:

Furthermore, researchers also observed the consequences of Traumatic Brain Injury and Orthopedic Injuries in children even after 05 years. In their observations, they found that 59% of children could expect to be symptom-free life after 05 years.

On the other hand, the expectations with children having Orthopedic Injuries were more. They found 80 percent of children with orthopedic injuries could expect to be symptom-free life after 05 years.

The Conclusion by Lindsey Armstrong:

Neuropsychiatric diagnosis following traumatic brain injury originates impairment in cognitive function. Thus, it affected children may experience difficulty in school or with personal relationships.

Since this issue is increasing day by day. Hence it is essential to have early recognition and education regarding the same. With the help of data provided by us, clinicians will be able to recognize children at increased risk. They can then provide the best suitable treatment that can improve the patients’ condition.