A new Russian Progress cargo ship launched into orbit Sunday night (Feb. 14) to supply cargo to the seven crew associates on the Global Space Station.
Russia’s area agency Roscosmos launched the Development MS-16 cargo ship, also named Progress 77, on a Soyuz rocket from Site 31 of the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan at 11:45 p.m. EST (0445 GMT on Feb. 15, 10:45:06 a.m. Baikonur time). It will get there at the station on Tuesday.
Development 77 is carrying roughly 5,424 lbs. (2,460 kg) of cargo and materials for the crew at this time on board the station. That includes 3,086 lbs.(1,400 kg) of investigate and crew materials (like foodstuff and apparel), along with a source of refreshing h2o, nitrogen gasoline and propellant for the station’s Zvezda assistance module propulsion process.
Movie: Check out Russia’s Development 77 cargo ship blast off
Associated: How Russia’s Progress Cargo Ships Operate (Infographic)
Place.com Selection: $26.99 at Journals Immediate
Get completely ready to check out the miracles of our incredible universe! The “Space.com Collection” is packed with remarkable astronomy, extraordinary discoveries and the most current missions from room agencies all around the environment. From distant galaxies to the planets, moons and asteroids of our possess photo voltaic system, you will explore a wealth of details about the cosmos, and discover about the new technologies, telescopes and rockets in advancement that will reveal even more of its strategies. View Deal
Tucked inside of the payload fairing of its Soyuz 2.1a launcher, the Development MS-16 spacecraft rolled to the launch pad on Friday (Feb. 12), ahead of its prepared Sunday launch. This way floor crews could end their ultimate flight preparations.
The Soyuz is a 152-foot-tall (46-meters) a few-phase start automobile. It was envisioned to head on a northeasterly trajectory immediately after launch, jettisoning its four strap-on boosters roughly two minutes soon after liftoff. The rocket’s 2nd stage, (also termed the main phase) is run by just one RD-108A motor created to keep on firing for somewhere around 3 extra minutes in advance of handing the reins above to the rocket’s 3rd phase — an RD-0110 engine.
As soon as the rocket attained a specified altitude, the fairings fell away to expose the Progress MS-16 spacecraft, which separated from the booster’s higher phase 9 minutes into the flight to make its way to the area station.
Right after separation, the Development spacecraft must unfurl its photo voltaic arrays and navigation antennas. It will then align alone with the room station and get ready for docking with the Russian-created Pirs module Tuesday (Feb. 16) at 1:20 a.m. EST (0620 GMT).
The Pirs module is a docking port on the Zvezda assistance module that doubles as an airlock for station crewmembers to use when conducting Russian-led spacewalks. Pirs is scheduled to be taken out when the Progress 77 spacecraft ends its mission in July.
In its position, Roscosmos will convey up a long-awaited new addition: the Nauka laboratory. This will mark the premier addition to the Russian section of the space station given that the Zvezda module was mounted in 2000. (There is a different, very similar port to Pirs, called Poisk, that will continue to be on station.)
Relevant: The Global Space Station is now house to the world’s 1st commercial airlock
The Development spacecraft is an uncrewed freighter that appears incredibly very similar to its crew-toting counterpart, the Soyuz spacecraft, which is employed to ferry astronauts to and from the space station. The principal difference is that Progress is made use of to fly cargo and is also designed to burn off up as it re-enters Earth’s ambiance, while Soyuz will land back on land.
Because Development autos are disposable, they are normally loaded with trash and other merchandise to be discarded in advance of placing off on a class to burn up up in the Earth’s ambiance, usually about a remote area of the Pacific Ocean.
Development 77 is the 1st of two prepared cargo deliveries to the house station inside of a week. On Saturday (Feb. 20), a U.S.-developed Cygnus spacecraft is slated to start from Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia on its very own two-working day vacation to the house station.
Abide by Amy Thompson on Twitter @astrogingersnap. Adhere to us on Twitter @Spacedotcom or Facebook.